Ubiquitous computing - Mark Weiser (1952-1999), Xerox Parc 1988
Each person is continually interacting with hundreds of nearby interconnected computers without explicitly attending to them
Computers are integrated in everyday objects like motors.
people use the items not computers as much as you use a drill not the motor
“The most profound technologies are those that disappear. The weave themselves into the fabric of everyday life until they are indistinguishable from it” - Weiser, The computer of the 21st century, Scientific American, September 1991.
Pervasive computing - Academia, IBM 1999
Pervasive computing encompasses the dramatically expanding sphere of computers embedded within and intrinsically part of larger devices - IBM
Ubicomp & App areas ...
Ambient intelligence - European commission
“People living easily in digital environments in which the electronics are sensitive to peoples needs, personalised to their requirements, anticipatory of their behaviour and responsive to their presence” - Philips
“Ambient intelligence represent a vision of the future where we shall be surrounded by electronic environments, sensitive and responsive to people. Ambient intelligence technologies are expected to combine concepts of ubiquitous computing & intelligent systems putting humans in the center of technological development” - 2nd European symposium on ambient intelligence